Mitomycin gel (Jelmyto), an alkylating drug, is the first and only FDA-approved treatment for patients with low-grade upper-tract urothelial cancer (UTUC), a rare cancer that affects the lining of the urinary system, and offers a nonsurgical treatment alternative for patients with this rare disease. Although the majority of urothelial cancers occur in the bladder, UTUC is part of a group of urothelial cancers that arise in the lining of the kidney or the ureter.
There is a growing recognition among payers and providers that social determinants of health—the social and socioeconomic factors that influence a patient’s care, such as income and access to transportation—are strongly linked to health outcomes. This recognition has been reinforced by a shift toward value-based payments, which incentivizes improved health outcomes rather than service delivery alone. Although it is evident that mitigating adverse social determinants can have a positive impact on patient outcomes and curb spending, results from a recent study reveal that Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) face substantial challenges in integrating social services with patient care (Murray GF, et al. Health Aff (Millwood). 2020;39:199-206).
Patients with metastatic urothelial cancer receive first-line treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy and second-line treatment with a checkpoint inhibitor. There is currently no approved third-line therapy for this malignancy. The investigational antibody-drug conjugate enfortumab vedotin may be a good choice for third-line therapy, based on the results of a phase 2 clinical trial presented at the 2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting.
On August 16, 2019, the FDA approved upadacitinib (Rinvoq, AbbVie), a Janus kinase inhibitor, for the treatment of adult patients with moderate-to-severe active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to methotrexate.
Enzalutamide (Xtandi) and apalutamide (Erleada) had strong showings in 2 separate, randomized phase 3 clinical trials demonstrating that these drugs delay disease progression when added to background androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with metastatic, hormone-sensitive prostate cancer.
On July 24, 2019, the US Food and Drug Administration approved adalimumab-bwwd (Hadlima; Samsung Bioepis), a biosimilar to adalimumab (Humira; AbbVie) for the treatment of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, adult Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and plaque psoriasis.
Darolutamide, New Androgen Receptor Inhibitor, Extends Metastasis-Free Survival in High-Risk Prostate Cancer
For patients with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer, current standard management is androgen-deprivation therapy plus docetaxel (Taxotere). Contrary to previous assumptions, radiation to the primary tumor improves survival in men with low metastatic disease burden. This new finding came from the preplanned analysis of the multiarm, multistage STAMPEDE study presented at the ESMO 2018 Congress by lead investigator Chris C. Parker, MD, FRCR, MRCP, Consultant Clinical Oncologist, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton, England. The study was simultaneously published online in the Lancet.1
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Results 1 - 10 of 33
Results 1 - 10 of 33